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Exploring Vatican City: The Smallest Country in the World!

In June 2017, we embarked on an immersive day trip to Vatican City from Rome, and every moment was filled with awe, art, and spirituality. Join us as we recount our adventure, complete with detailed visits to iconic attractions, delectable dining recommendations, practical timings, and a comprehensive cost breakdown.

Getting There: Our adventure began at the crack of dawn, as we hopped onto the Metro Line A from our central Rome location. Arriving at the “Ottaviano” station, we were greeted by the promise of a remarkable day ahead.

Morning Itinerary:

St. Peter’s Basilica: St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest and most famous churches in the world. It is located within Vatican City and is renowned for its stunning architecture, intricate artwork, and religious significance. The basilica houses numerous masterpieces, including Michelangelo’s Pieta and Bernini’s Baldachin.

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St. Peter’s Basilica is a place of worship, where Masses, ceremonies, and other religious events are held. Visitors can explore the interior of the basilica, including its main nave, chapels, sculptures, and other artistic treasures.

With excitement coursing through our veins, we crossed the threshold of St. Peter’s Basilica. The grandeur of this sacred space was overwhelming, from the monumental dome overhead to the tender grace of Michelangelo’s Pieta. We took advantage of the early hours to appreciate the tranquility of the basilica before the crowds arrived.

  • Opening Hours: 7:00 AM – 7:00 PM (April to September), 7:00 AM – 6:00 PM (October to March)
  • Cost: Free to enter; guided tours available for a fee

Climbing to the Top of St. Peter’s Basilica: A Panoramic Perspective

If you’re up for a little adventure and breathtaking vistas, consider adding a climb to the top of St. Peter’s Basilica to your Vatican City day trip. Ascending to the dome’s pinnacle offers an unparalleled view of the city and its surroundings. Here’s how you can make the most of this exciting experience:

Climbing the Dome: As the sun bathed Vatican City in warm light, we decided to embark on the journey to the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica. This journey involves climbing both stairs and an elevator, giving you a unique perspective on the basilica’s architecture and interior.

  • Entrance Location: On the right side of St. Peter’s Basilica’s entrance, near the sacristy
  • Staircase: The initial part of the climb involves ascending a narrow, spiraling staircase. The number of steps can be challenging, but the experience is truly worth it.
  • Elevator Option: For those who might find the staircase daunting, an elevator takes you most of the way up, reducing the number of steps you need to climb.

Viewing Platform: Arriving at the top, we were rewarded with a panoramic view that stretched as far as the eye could see. Rome’s iconic landmarks, sprawling cityscape, and the Vatican Gardens all unfolded before us, offering a perspective that only a few get to enjoy.

Dome Interior: Before descending, we had the unique opportunity to step inside the dome’s interior. The intricate details of the mosaics, which are difficult to see from the ground, were now right before our eyes.

Practical Tips:

  • Comfortable Footwear: Wear comfortable shoes as the climb involves stairs and walking.
  • Modest Attire: Remember to dress modestly, as you’ll be entering a religious site.
  • Timing: The climb can take around 30 minutes to an hour, depending on your pace and whether you take the elevator.
  • Viewing Conditions: Keep an eye on weather conditions, as clear skies will enhance your panoramic view.


  • Stairs Climb: €10 (approximately)
  • Elevator + Stairs: €8 (approximately) for the elevator portion, plus €10 for the stairs

Our ascent to the top of St. Peter’s Basilica added a thrilling dimension to our Vatican City adventure. The view from the dome was a fitting reward for the effort, and the experience of being at the heart of this architectural masterpiece was unforgettable.

If you’re seeking a bird’s-eye view of Rome and a deeper connection to the basilica’s grandeur, climbing to the dome’s pinnacle is a must-do activity during your day trip.

Exploring the Magnificence of St. Peter’s Basilica: Major Sights to Behold

Stepping into St. Peter’s Basilica is like entering a realm of architectural marvels, artistic treasures, and spiritual significance. This iconic landmark within Vatican City beckons with a wealth of sights that captivate the senses and stir the soul. Here’s a guide to the major attractions within St. Peter’s Basilica that you simply cannot miss:

1. St. Peter’s Square: As you approach the basilica, the grandeur of St. Peter’s Square unfolds before you. Designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, the square features a symmetrical arrangement of colonnades that embrace visitors in a welcoming embrace. At the center stands an ancient Egyptian obelisk, a testament to the history that surrounds this sacred space.

2. Main Nave: Upon entering the basilica, your eyes are drawn to the breathtaking expanse of the main nave. The towering ceilings and intricate details of the architecture create a sense of awe and reverence. Take a moment to soak in the splendor as you proceed towards the heart of the basilica.

3. Pietà by Michelangelo: One of the most renowned sculptures in the world, Michelangelo’s Pietà, awaits you in the first chapel on the right-hand side as you enter. This masterpiece depicts the sorrowful Virgin Mary cradling the lifeless body of Jesus Christ. The exquisite craftsmanship and emotional intensity of the sculpture leave a lasting impression.

4. Baldachin by Bernini: Designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, the bronze Baldachin stands as a centerpiece above the Papal Altar. This monumental canopy with its intricate spiral columns and ornate details symbolizes the spiritual significance of the basilica. It’s a testament to the Baroque artistry that defines St. Peter’s.

5. Papal Altar: Directly beneath the Baldachin lies the Papal Altar, the focal point of the basilica’s religious ceremonies. It marks the spot believed to be directly above St. Peter’s tomb, reinforcing the basilica’s role as a place of pilgrimage and devotion.

6. Cathedra Petri: Situated in the apse of the basilica is the Cathedra Petri, or “Throne of St. Peter.” This ornate chair is enshrined within a colossal sculpture by Bernini, symbolizing the spiritual authority of the papacy and St. Peter as the foundation of the Church.

7. Confessio and St. Peter’s Tomb: Descending to the Confessio, a lower level beneath the main altar, you’ll find a space that honors the tomb of St. Peter. This area is adorned with marble and artistry, creating a space of reflection and reverence.

8. Dome Interior: For those who venture to the top of the dome, a visit to its interior is a must. The exquisite mosaics that line the interior of the dome narrate scenes from the Bible and the life of Christ. This stunning artwork can only be truly appreciated up close.

9. Dome’s Exterior View: Reaching the exterior of the dome rewards you with an unparalleled view of Vatican City and Rome. The panoramic vistas encompass St. Peter’s Square, the Vatican Gardens, and the sprawling cityscape.

Afternoon Itinerary:

Vatican Gardens: Our next stop was nestled within the heart of Vatican City, a secret sanctuary of lush greenery, vibrant blooms, and hidden treasures—the Vatican Gardens. A guided tour offers an intimate glimpse into a space where nature, art, and spirituality converge. It provides a unique opportunity to explore the private grounds of Vatican City, a place rarely accessible to the public.

The Vatican Gardens are a private area within the Vatican City complex, covering approximately 57 acres. These beautifully landscaped gardens are characterized by lush greenery, meticulously maintained pathways, fountains, sculptures, and various architectural elements.

Please Note: The Vatican Gardens are not open to the general public without a guided tour, and exploring them requires a separate ticket.

Highlights of the Tour:

1. Tranquil Pathways: The tour begins with a stroll along the peaceful pathways that wind through the Vatican Gardens. Lined with lush vegetation, fountains, and sculptures, these pathways offer a serene escape from the bustling city beyond.

2. Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes: One of the spiritual highlights of the tour is the Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes—a serene replica of the famous grotto in Lourdes, France. It’s a place of prayer and reflection, adorned with flowers and candles.

3. Monument to St. John Paul II: A testament to the modern era of the papacy, the monument dedicated to St. John Paul II commemorates his legacy and contributions to the Catholic Church. The serene surroundings make it a contemplative spot for visitors.

4. Residenza di Casa Pontificia: As you explore, you’ll catch glimpses of the Residenza di Casa Pontificia, the Pope’s official residence. While the residence itself is not part of the tour, its presence adds to the aura of Vatican life that surrounds the gardens.

5. Sculptures and Artwork: Throughout the gardens, you’ll encounter sculptures, monuments, and artworks that celebrate various aspects of faith, history, and culture. Each piece holds its own story and significance, contributing to the tapestry of the Vatican Gardens’ identity.

6. The Olive Tree: A symbol of peace and longevity, the ancient olive tree is a noteworthy highlight. Its gnarled branches evoke a sense of timelessness and continuity amidst the changing world.

Practical Information:

  • Guided Tours: The Vatican Gardens tour is guided and typically lasts about 2 hours. Tours are conducted in various languages, so be sure to choose one that suits you.
  • Booking: Reservations are required for the Vatican Gardens tour and can be made through the Vatican’s official website or on-site at the Vatican Museums.
  • Dress Code: As with all Vatican visits, adhere to the dress code—modest attire that covers shoulders and knees. Comfortable walking shoes are also recommended.
  • Group Size: Group sizes are generally limited, allowing for a more personalized and immersive experience.
  • Photography: Photography is allowed in most areas, but be sure to follow any guidelines provided by your guide.

Lunch: Our appetites led us to a charming trattoria nearby, where we indulged in local flavors. From classic pasta dishes to tantalizing desserts, we relished every bite, savoring the essence of Italian cuisine.

  • Timing: 1:00 PM – 2:30 PM
  • Cost: Around €15 – €25 per person for a meal

Evening Itinerary:

Vatican Museums: Our next stop was the Vatican Museums, where a world of art and history unfolded before us. The Raphael Rooms mesmerized us with intricate frescoes, while the Sistine Chapel left us humbled in the presence of Michelangelo’s magnum opus.

  • Opening Hours: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM (Monday to Saturday); closed on Sundays except the last Sunday of the month when it’s free entry from 9:00 AM – 2:00 PM
  • Cost: Admission fee required; book tickets in advance to skip the lines

Sistine Chapel: Stepping into the hallowed Sistine Chapel, we felt time stand still. Michelangelo’s iconic ceiling and “The Last Judgment” transported us to a realm of artistry that defied description. We found ourselves gazing in wonder at the vivid details, each brushstroke telling a story.

It is renowned for its awe-inspiring ceiling frescoes painted by Michelangelo, including the famous depiction of “The Creation of Adam”. The Sistine Chapel has played a significant role in papal conclaves, where cardinals gather to elect a new pope. It is also a venue for important liturgical events, including the Papal Mass at the beginning of a new pontificate.

Papal Audience (If Applicable): As luck would have it, our visit coincided with a Wednesday, granting us the opportunity to attend the Papal Audience. The experience of receiving blessings from the Pope himself was deeply moving and created a sense of unity among the diverse attendees.

Dinner: For dinner, we sought out a cozy osteria, where we enjoyed an intimate meal in a charming setting. The local flavors and warm ambiance made for a delightful conclusion to our day.

  • Timing: 8:00 PM onward
  • Cost: Around €20 – €30 per person for a meal

With the sun setting on our day trip to Vatican City, we marveled at the memories we had made. From art that spoke to our souls to moments of reflection and connection, our adventure was a tapestry woven with history, culture, and spirituality.

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